Indirect speech for Interrogative sentences
Remember the basic rules as mentioned in the previous pages are same. They are fully applied in the interrogative sentences too. Interrogative sentences are of two types. One is the interrogatives with auxiliaries at the beginning and other are the interrogatives with who, where, what, when, how etc. No question mark is used in Indirect Speech.
Some Basic Rules
- When quotation marks are removed in the Indirect Speech then ask(s) / asked is used in the Reporting Speech since that is the question.
- The rest of basic rules are the same.
The use of conjunction is different in both of interrogatives.
- Interrogative with auxiliary: if are whether.
- Interrogative with wh-: no conjunction is used.
Examples with wh- question
- He said, “What are you doing here?”
He asked what I was doing there.
- She said “Where are you going?”
She asked where I was going.
- He said, “What is your name?”
He asked what my name was.
- John says, “What is the weather condition?”
John asks what the weather condition is.
- He said, “What did my friend say in the class yesterday?”
He asked what his friend had said in the class previous day.
- You said, “What is the problem?”
You asked what the problem was.
- He said’ “What is my job to do?”
He asked what his job to do was.
- She said, “When are we going?”
She asked when they were going.
- He says, “How can I do this?”
He asks how he can do this.
- He said who Mr. Michael is?”
He asked who Mr. Michael was.
Examples with auxiliaries
- He said, “Am I looking good?”
He asked if / whether he was looking good.
- She says, “Did he really like it?”
She asks if / whether he really liked it.
- She said, “Did he really like it?”
She asked if / whether he had really liked that.
- He said, “Can I handle this?”
He asked if / whether he could handle that.
- He said to me, “Do you like movies?”
He asked me if / whether I liked movies.
- He said to the patient, “Are you better now?”
He asked the patient if / whether he was better then.
- Ralph said to me, “Did you take your lunch?”
Ralph asked me if / whether I took my lunch.
- Peter said, “Will you come to College tomorrow?”
Peter asks if / whether I would go to College next day.
- They say, “Shall we go to the tour tomorrow?”
They ask if / whether they would go to the tour next day.
- He said, “Is he willing?”
He asked if / whether he was willing.