Pronoun is a word that is used in the place of noun, for example; I, we, you, they, he, she, it.
Ali is wise and He is wise. In the second example instead of Ali the word He is used thus He is the pronoun. We use pronouns very often.
Pronoun is divided into six groups. These groups are also called cases.
- Personal Pronouns: I, you, He, she, it, they, who, me, him, her, them, whom.
- Relative Pronouns:who, whom, whose, which, that.
- Demonstrative Pronoun:this, these, that, those.
- Possessive Pronouns:yours, mine, his, hers, ours, theirs.
- Reflexive Pronouns:myself, himself, herself, itself, yourself, ourselves, themselves.
- Reciprocal Pronoun:each other, one another.
Types of Pronoun in Detail
There are six kinds of pronouns as mentioned and they are described as under.
1) Personal Pronouns
Personal pronouns are those pronouns that describe any particular person, thing or group. They are also considered as singular or plural and Nominative (Subjective) and Accusative (Objective) You can understand them from the chart below.
|Number||Person||Nominative (Subjective case)||Accusative (Objective case)|
|3rd Person||He, She, It||Him, Her, It|
Remember the pronoun you are treated as singular and plural both. If we say “You are a good student” it stands for the singular person, whereas in “You are good students” it is plural.
2) Possessive Pronouns
Possessive pronouns are those pronouns which show possession, for example, my, mine, yours, his, her, our, their, and its
1. This book is mine. Or, this is my book.
3) Reflexive Pronoun
Reflexive pronouns are those pronouns in which we refer back to the subject. Reflexive pronouns always end on "-self" in the case of singular and "-selves" in plural.
Examples: my self, himself, yourself, herself, ourselves, themselves, itself etc. Reflexive pronouns always subjects. You can understand them from the chart below.
|3rd Person||He, she, it||Himself, Herself, Itself|
Note: Reflexive pronouns give more emphasis on subject or some time object. In that case it is called “Intensive Pronoun”.
- He did it himself.
- He himself confessed the crime.
- You yourself told me about that.
4) Relative Pronouns
Relative Pronouns are those which describe the aforementioned noun, or the ones used with the relative clauses.
- This is the man who made problems.
- That is my teacher whom you met last month.
- The season which I like most is winter.
Relative Pronouns are generally who, whom, whose, which, that etc. These are frequently used.
5) Demonstrative Pronouns
These are pronouns that point to a thing or things, for example; this, that, these, those. Demonstrative Pronouns also indicate the number and distance.
- This is used for the near and singular thing.
- That is used for the far and singular thing.
- These are used for the near and plural things.
- Those are used for the far and singular things.
- This is my pen.
- That is his shirt.
- These are your writing mistakes.
- Those are some good houses.
6) Reciprocal Pronouns
When two subjects relates to each other then reciprocal pronoun is used.
Mother and children love each other.
In above example mother and children both are subjects and both relate to each other. There are two types of Reciprocal Pronouns.
- Each other.
- One another.
1. Teachers and parents talk to each other in Parents’ teachers’ meeting.
2. John and Peter help one another in the time of crisis.
3. CPU and monitor support each other.