A clause is the group of words sometimes gives complete meanings (Independent) and sometimes not (Dependent). In both cases there is Subject and predicate in them.
Example: He slept.
There are different types of clauses as mentioned below.
Types of Clauses
There are two types of clauses; main (Independent Clause) and Subordinate (Dependent Clause)
It is the clause that gives complete meaning itself and doesn’t need any other clause to let its meaning completed. Even a sentence which is always with complete meanings is sometimes called the Independent Clause, but the only difference between Independent Clause and a sentence is that sentence is the combination of words between two full stops or just one if it is the starting one whereas Independent Clause is the combination of words either start or ends on full stop and on the other side there is either punctuation mark or conjunction etc.
- News reporter asked the question and the question was properly answered by the politician.
- I am a teacher and you are my students.
The second type of the clause is called Subordinate Clause. This is the clause which is the combination of words giving no complete meanings. That’s why Subordinate Clause is never used alone. It is always used with Main or Independent Clause. Direct and Indirect Speech is the good example of Subordinate Clause.
- He said, “I cannot do this job”.
- He said that he couldn’t do that job.
In above examples first is the direct speech and the other one is indirect. In both cases He said is Dependent because it doesn’t give complete meanings, and rest of the sentence is Independent Clause.
When two Independent Clauses are used in a sentence it is called Coordination and when one is Dependent and other one id Independent this is called Subordination.
Examples of Coordination
- You couldn’t do well in exam because you did not study well throughout the year
- I know him well because he is my friend.
Examples of Subordination
- He asked, “What’s the matter with you?”
- They played well because of good practice.