Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense is used to express that the action is going on or in progress it has not been finished yet.

Form of verb
Present Participle form is used in Present Continuous Tense. This form is the one with –ing at the end. Present Participle shows that the verbal action is in progress and not yet completed. So this is appropriate form for Continuous Tenses.

  • Present Participle, 4th form (with all subjects)

Auxiliary (helping verb)
There are three auxiliaries (helping verbs) used in the Present Continuous Tense. With different subjects different auxiliaries are used. Details are as under.

  • Am (with I)
  • Is (with he, she, it and singular noun)
  • Are (with you, they, we and plural noun)

Negative
When a sentence is converted into negative then not is used with the auxiliaries. You can use the short form too in which not is used with auxiliary as one word. Below are some examples to make you understand.

  • Am not (ain’t in short)
  • Is not (isn’t in short)
  • Are not (aren’t in short)

Interrogative
While making interrogative the auxiliaries are used at the beginning of sentence.

  • Is / am / are used at the beginning of the sentence.

Examples of am

  1. I am working for this institution. (positive sentence)
  2. I am not getting well. (Negative sentence)
  3. Am I doing it properly? (Interrogative sentence)

Examples of is

  1. He is doing his job quite well. (positive sentence)
  2. He is not complaining. (Negative sentence)
  3. Is Eliot writing an essay? (Interrogative sentence)

Examples of are

  1. They are working on this problem. (Positive sentence)
  2. We are not going to win perhaps. (Negative sentence)
  3. Are the boys in the ground? (Interrogative sentence)