Tenses

The literal meaning of tense is time. It means tense is time related. Hence there are three basic tenses.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

Apart from this there are four sub kinds of tenses.

  • Indefinite
  • Continuous
  • Perfect
  • Perfect Continuous

There are some rules to make tense.

Two basic rules

  1. Use not with auxiliary to make negative.
  2. Use auxiliary (helping verb) at the beginning of a sentence to make interrogative.

Examples

  1. He has not finished yet. (Negative)
  2. Has he finished? (Interrogative)

Remember these rules are universal. Sentences are always made negative and interrogative like this. Along with them there are two other things you must know.

  • Form of the verb
  • Auxiliary (Helping Verb)

Below is the chart that guides you which form of the verb is used in which tense

S.N Name of the verb Used with the Tense
01 Present Indefinite tenses
02 Past Past Indefinite Tense (Negative and Interrogative Sentences)
03 Past Participle Perfect Tenses
04 Present Participle Continuous Tenses
05 3rd Person Singular Present Indefinite Tenses (With he, she, it and singular Noun)

This chart guides which auxiliary (helping verb) is used with which tense

  Indefinite Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous
Present

Does (He, she, it, singular noun)
Do (I, we, you, they, plural noun)

Is (he, she, it, singular noun)
Am (I)
Are (they, plural noun)
Has (he, she, it, singular noun)
Have (I, we, the+y, plural noun)
Has been (he, she, it, singular noun)
Have been (I, we, the+y, plural noun)
Past Did (with all subjects)
with affirmative sentences only
Was (I, he, she, it, singular noun)
Were ((they, plural noun, you)
Had (with all subjects) Had been (with all subjects)
Future Shall (I, we)
Will (you, they, he, she, it, singular and plural noun)
Shall be (I, we)
Will be (you, they, he, she, it, singular and plural noun)
Shall have (I, we)
Will have (you, they, he, she, it, singular and plural noun)
Shall have been (I, we)
Willhave been (you, they, he, she, it, singular and plural noun)

 

with affirmative sentences only